Wind, hail, and snow can all cause major damage to your roof. Knowing how to assess the possibility of damage is one of the major keys for ensuring that you get it fixed before it worsens. The following guide can help you better evaluate whether you roof has suffered damaged.
Missing and torn shingles are one of the easiest types of damage to locate on your own. You can check from the ground, with the help of binoculars if necessary, or you can climb up a ladder. There generally is no need to actually walk around on the roof. Look for missing shingles, or shingles that are visibly torn or broken. Shingles that are pushed up or wrinkled may have also suffered damage, even if they are still somewhat in place. You will need to have these shingles replaced. If shingles are missing, you may want to also check the ground around the house for roofing nails so you don't step on one or get one in a car tire.
Pock marks generally happen after a hail storm, although they can also occur during high winds if the roof is pelted with debris. These will resemble small indentations on the shingles in most cases. Milder pock marks may not leave a visible indent, but you may notice areas with a thinner gravel coating on the shingles or you may find lots of gravel in the gutters. The gravel granules are vital protection layer on the shingles, so a new roof may be necessary if pocking has occurred.
Heavy snows or ice build up can lead to structural damage. If the roof line looks bowed or uneven, you may be suffering structural damage. Loud groans or creaks from the roof, or loud popping, can also indicate weight damage. This can be a deadly issue, since it may mean a roof collapse is eminent. Evacuate the home if you notice any of these issues and call a roofer from a company like Alpen Roofing for a damage assessment immediately.
Ice dams occur when moisture on the roof gets underneath a shingle and freezes. Not only does this damage the shingle, leaks occur inside the home as warm air radiating toward the roof melts the ice dam. The best prevention is to have a properly insulated attic. If you have developed an ice dam, contact a roofer right away. They may be able to mitigate the damage so you don't need to replace the roof once the ice melts.